TNPSC Agriculture Officer Syllabus 2021 Tamil Nadu PSC Agricultural Officer (Extension) Syllabus 2021 TN PSC Agriculture Officer Syllabus pdf 2021 TNPSC AO Exam Pattern
TNPSC Agriculture Officer Syllabus 2021
Notification No: 04/2021
About TNPSC Agriculture Officer Recruitment:
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission (TNPSC) has recently announced the Recruitment of 365 Posts of Agricultural Officer (Extension). All the Eligible & Interested Candidates Filled there Online Application form. The Application Submission Process was Started from the Date 05.02.2021 and Conducted Till the Date 04.03.2021. More Details About the Recruitment is Provided Below.
About Exam :
All the Eligible & Interested Candidates Will Face the Exam. The Exam Will be Divided into Two Papers. First Paper Will be Conducted on 18.04.2021 at F.N. 10.00 A.M. to 01.00 P.M. & Second Paper Will be Conducted on 14.07.2021 A.N. 02.30 P.M. to 04.30 P.M. More Details About the Recruitment is Provided Below.
The competition level is increasing day by day, its becomes challenging like a hard nut to crack to clear Any Exam. Now, here we’re providing prescribed latest scheme of examination and whole selection procedure, which may help the aspirants to chase these tests.
Selection Process :
- Written Examination and
- Oral Test in the shape of an interview
Exam Pattern :
The Exam Pattern Will be as Follows:
- The Exam Will be Written Objective Type.
- The questions in Paper – I “Agriculture” will be set in English only and Paper – II “General Studies” will be set both in English and in Tamil.
|Paper||Subject||Maximum Marks||No. of Questions||Time Duration|
|II||General Studies||200||100||2 Hours|
|Total||500 Marks||300 Questions||5 Hours|
Minimum qualifying marks for selection :
SCs, SC(A)s, STs, MBCs/ DCs, BC (OBCM)s and BCMs – 171 Marks
Others – 228 Marks
Exam Syllabus :
The Exam Syllabus will be as Follows:
UNIT – I: IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE
Importance of Agriculture in Indian Economy and its sectoral relationship – Agricultural Development through five year plans in India and Tamil Nadu – Growth pattern of crops in India and Tamil Nadu in terms of area, production and productivity – Government Agricultural Policies – Agricultural development through NITIAYOG – Import and export – Role of NSC, FCI and PDS.
UNIT – II: FUNDAMENTALS OF CROP PRODUCTION
Factors of Production – Agricultural seasons of India and Tamil Nadu – Cropping patterns in India and Tamil Nadu – Package of practices of different crops – Agro – Climatic zones of India and Tamil Nadu and their features – Weather and Climate – Weather fore casting – Climate change and its impact – Minimal tillage practices – Stress mitigating technologies including microorganisms – Nanoparticles and their applications.
UNIT – III: NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Soil – Soil structure – Factors influencing soil structure – Physical and Chemical properties – Effect of nutrient availability and plant growth – Problem soils and their management – Soil survey – I ts objectives and scope – Soil fertility and productivity – Dry farming – Rainfed agriculture – Conservation of soil and water – Watershed and waste land development. Land use pattern and planning – Size and distribution of holdings – T ypes and systems of farming – Water resource s development and management – Command area development – Ground water Develop ment and Conjunctive use – Water use efficiency – Quality of irrigation water – Its effect in soil and crops – Management of poor quality water for crop growth.
UNIT – IV: CROP MANAGEMENT & ALLIED AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
Cropping system s and integrated farming – Recycling of agricultural waste – Organic manures, green manures, bio fertilizers – Balanced usage – Integrated nutrient management – Physiological disorders in crop plants and their management – Irrigation management of different crops Mushroom cultivation, bee keeping, silkworm rearing etc., Energy in Agricultural production – Sources – Solar, wind, animal, biomass and biogas – Mechanization in agriculture – Tractors & tillers – Agricultural implements and Machineries and their us age – livestock and poultry rearing.
UNIT – V: CROP IMPROVEMENT
Principles of breeding – Breeding methods in self, cross and vegetatively propogated crops – Modern tools in crop improvement – Heterosis breeding and Hybrid seed production technologies – Latest varieties of major crops in Tamil Nadu – Breeding for climate resilience varieties – Variety release procedures – Application of bio technology in agriculture – Tissue culture & its significance – Transgenic Plants. Plant Genetic Resources: Collect ion conservation and exchange – Crop varietal protection – PPV & FR authority and its role.
UNIT – VI: SEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Seeds – Importance of quality seeds in agriculture – Nucleus, breeder, foundation, certified and labelled seeds – Seed certification techniques and processing in Tamil Nadu – Seed testing – Seed testing laboratories – ISTA standards for seed testing – Seed village concept Seed Act – Seed coating and priming technologies – Seed enhancement technologies.
UNIT – VII: CROP PROTECTION PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES
Importance of pest, disease, nematodes and weed management in agriculture – categories of pests, diseases, nematodes and weeds – Pest and disease surveillance and forecasting weather on pest and disease incidence – Symptoms of damages and control measures of pest, disease and nematodes of major crops in Tamil Nadu – Integrated pest, disease and nematode management in crop production – Pesticides and their use in IPM – Mode of action – Pattern – Plant protection equipments and their use – Plant quarantine. Storage pests, disease and nematodes and their management. Importance of biological control in pest, disease and nematode management. Weeds – Major weeds and their control.
UNIT – VIII: FARM BUSINESS AND FINANCE MANAGEMENT
Farm business management – Principles of farm business management – Types and systems of farms – Classical production functions – Cost concepts – Management of resources – Farm Planning and budgeting – Investment analysis – Risk and uncertainties in agriculture – Agricultural credit system in India – Multi credit delivery system – Role of nationalized banks, NABARD and Regional Rural Banks – Lead Bank Scheme – Service area approach – Scale of finance – Credit Worthiness – 3 Rs, 5Cs and 7Ps of credit – Crop Insurance – Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) – Agricultural Insurance Company.
UNIT – IX: AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AND MARKET INTELLIGENCE
Marketing – Agricultural marketing – Market structure – Marketing efficiency – Price Spread – Market Integration – Market Risk – Speculation and hedging – Market Institutions – Warehouses and rural godowns – Agmark – Cooperatives – Commodity Boards – Agribusiness management – Principles of Management – Entrepreneurship Development – Forms of Business organizations – Agricultural Price Policy – CACP – MSP – FRP – Procurement Price – Policies for agricultural development – Economic liberalization – WTO and its impact on agricultural export – Importance of Agriculture in Indian economy – Land size and distribution of holdings and land use pattern in Tamil Nadu – Agriculture under Five year Plans (FYPs) – Food Security – Public Distribution Systems (PDS) – Buffer Stock.
UNIT – X: AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION: PRINCIPLES AND METHODS
Ex tension methods for transfer of technology – AV aids – Communication models – Use of ICT in transfer of technology – Diffusion and adoption – Pre and post independence rural development initiatives: key features, strength and weakness of individual programmes – Programme planning and evaluation methods – Rural sociology – Key features of Indian rural system – Value system – Social change – Rural migration. Role of women in agriculture.
UNIT – I : GENERAL SCIENCE
Physics Universe – General Scientific laws – Scientific instruments – Inventions and discoveries – National scientific laboratories – Science glossary – Mechanics and properties of matter – Physical quantities, standards and units – Force, motion and energy – Electricity and Magnetism, Electronics and Communication – Heat, light and sound – Atomic and nuclear physics – Solid State Physics – Spectroscopy – Geophysics – Astronomy and space science . Chemistry Elements and Compounds – Acids, bases and salts – Oxidation and reduction – Chemistry of ores and metals – Carbon, nitrogen and their compounds – Fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides – Biochemistry and biotechnology – Electrochemistry – Polymers and plastics . Botany Main concepts of life science – The cell – basic unit of life – Classification of living organism – Nutrition and dietetics – Respiration – Excretion of metabolic waste – Bio – communication. Zoology Blood and blood circulation – Endocrine system – Reproductive system – Genetics the science of heredity – Environment, ecology, health and hygiene, Bio – diversity and its conservation – Human diseases – Communicable diseases and non – communicable diseases – prevention and remedies – Alcoholism and drug abuse – Animals, plants and human life.
UNIT – II : CURRENT EVENTS
History Latest diary of events – National symbols – Profile of States – Defence, national security and terrorism – World organizations – pacts and summits – Eminent persons & places in news – Sports & games – Books & authors – Awards & honours – Cultural panorama – Latest historical events – India and its neighbours – Latest terminology – Appointments – who is who? Political Science 1. India’s foreign policy 2. Latest court verdicts – public opinion 3. Problems in conduct of public elections 4. Political partie s and political system in India 5. Public awareness & general administration 6. Role of voluntary organizations & govt., 7. Welfare oriented govt. schemes, their utility
Geography Geographical landmarks – Policy on environment and ecology.
Economics Current socio – economic problems – New economic policy & govt. sector
Science Latest inventions on science & technology – Latest discoveries in Health Science – Mass media & communication.
UNIT – III : GEOGRAPHY
Earth and Universe – Solar system – Atmosphere hydrosphere, lithosphere – Monsoon, rainfall, weather and climate – Water resources – Rivers in India – Soil, minerals & natural resources – Natural vegetation – Forest & wildlife – Agricultural pattern, livestock & fisheries – Transport including Surface transport & communication – Social geography – population – density and distribution – Natural calamities – disaster management – Climate change – Impact and consequences – Mitigation measures – Pollution Control.
UNIT – IV : HISTORY AND CULTURE OF INDIA
Pre – historic events – Indus valley civilization – Vedic, Aryan and Sangam age – Maurya dynasty – Buddhism and Jainism – Guptas, Delhi Sultans, Mughals and Marathas – Age of Vijayanagaram and the Bahmanis – South Indian history – Culture an d Heritage of Tamil people – Advent of European invasion – Expansion and consolidation of British rule – Effect of British rule on socio – economic factors – Social reforms and religious movements – India since independence – Characteristics of Indian culture – Unity in diversity – race, colour, language, custom – India – as secular state – Organizations for fine arts, dance, drama, music – Growth of rationalist, Dravidian movement in TN – Political parties and populist schemes – Prominent personalities in the various spheres – Arts, Science, literature and Philosophy – Mother Teresa, Swami Vivekananda, Pandit Ravishankar , M.S.Subbulakshmi, Rukmani Arundel and J.Krishnamoorthy etc.
UNIT – V : INDIAN POLITY
Constitution of India – Preamble to the constitution – Salient features of constitution – Union, State and territory – Citizenship – Rights and duties – Fundamental rights – Fundamental duties – Human rights charter – Union legislature – Parliament – State executive – State Legislature – assembly – Status of Jammu & Kashmir – Local government – panchayat raj – Tamil Nadu – Judiciary in India – Rule of law/Due process of law – Indian federalism – center – state relations – . Emergency provisions – Civil services in India – Administrative challenges in a welfare state – Complexities of district administration – Elections – Election Commission Union and State. Official language and Schedule – VIII – Amendments to constitution – Schedules to constitution – . Administrative reforms & tribunals – Corruption in public life – Anti – corruption measures – Central Vigilance Commission, lok – adalats, Ombudsman, – Comptroller and Auditor General of India – Right to information – Central and State Commission – Empowerment of women – Voluntary organizations and public grievances redressal – Consumer protection for u ms.
UNIT – VI : INDIAN ECONOMY
Nature of Indian economy – Need for economic planning – Five – year plan models – an assessment – Land reforms & agriculture – Application of science in agriculture Industrial growth – Capital formation and investment – Role of public sector & disinvestment – Development of infrastructure – National income – Public finance & fiscal policy – Price policy & public distribution – Banking, money & monetary policy – Role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – WTO – globalization & privatization – Rural welfare oriented programmes – Social sector problems – population, education, health, employment, poverty – HRD – sustainable economic growth – Economic trends in Tamil Nadu – Energy – Different sources and development – Finance Commission – Planning Commission – National Development Council.
UNIT – VII : INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT
National renaissance – Early uprising against British rule – 1857 Revolt – Indian National Congress – Emergence of national leaders – Gandhi, Nehru, Tagore, Nethaji – Growth of militant movements – Different modes of agitations – Era of different Acts & Pacts – World war & final phase struggle – Communalism led to partition – Role of Tamil Nadu in freedom struggle – Rajaji, VOC, Periyar, Bharathiar & Others – Birth of political parties /political system in India since independence.
UNIT – VIII : APTITUDE AND MENTAL ABILITY TESTS
Conversion of information to data – Collection, compilation and presentation of data – Tables, graphs, diagrams – Parametric representation of data – Analytical interpretation of data – Simplification – Percentage – Highest Common Factor (HCF) – Lowest Common Multiple (LCM) – Ratio and Proportion – Simple interest – Compound interest – Area – Volume – Time and Work – Behavioural ability – Basic terms, Communications in information technology – Application of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) – Decision making and problem solving – Logical Reasoning – Puzzles – Dice – Visual Reasoning – Alpha numeric Reasoning – Number Series – Logical Number/Alphabetical/Diag rammatic Sequences.
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